Jesus’ Atonement Brings About Reconciliation
Updated: Nov 3, 2020
Notes compiled by Marty Zide and Steve McAtee
Reconciliation is the act of God whereby He does away with the hostility between the gospel believer and Himself and establishes peace.
Sin had created a barrier between man and God and rendered man hostile toward God.
Is. 59:1-2 - Behold, the Lord’s hand is not so short That it cannot save; Nor is His ear so dull That it cannot hear. But your iniquities have made a separation between you and your God, And your sins have hidden His face from you so that He does not hear.
James 4:4 - You adulteresses, do you not know that friendship with the world is hostility toward God? Therefore whoever wishes to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God.
Reconciliation addresses the problem of our estrangement, alienation, and enmity towards God and His toward us as sinners. The emphasis of reconciliation is that of making peace with God. Man who was separated from God is brought into communion with Him.
Col. 1:22-23 - yet He has now reconciled you in His fleshly body through death, in order to present you before
Him holy and blameless and beyond reproach if indeed you continue in the faith firmly established and
steadfast, and not moved away from the hope of the gospel that you have heard, which was proclaimed in all creation under heaven, and of which I, Paul, was made a minister.
Rom. 5:10-11 - For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life. And not only this, but we also exult in God through our Lord Jesus the Messiah, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.
2 Cor. 5:18-19 - Now all these things are from God, who reconciled us to Himself through Messiah and gave us the ministry of reconciliation, namely, that God was in Messiah reconciling the world to Himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and He has committed to us the word of reconciliation.
Jesus’ Atonement Brings About Propitiation
Propitiation means “to render favorable, to satisfy, to appease.” The death of Messiah Jesus fully satisfies all the righteous demands of God toward sinners and as a result His wrath no longer has to be poured out on those who are saved.
Sin brings on the wrath of God. For all who never trust the Messiah Jesus, God’s wrath will be poured out on them because of their personal sins. Salvation provides propitiation whereby God’s wrath is satisfied because Jesus took that wrath upon Himself when He died on the cross.
Rom. 3:24-25 - being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Messiah Jesus; whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed.
Rom. 5:9 - Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from the wrath of God through Him.
1 John 2:2 - and He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for those of the whole world.
1 John 4:9-10 - By this the love of God was manifested in us, that God has sent His only begotten Son into the world so that we might live through Him. In this is love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us and sent His Son to be the propitiation for our sins.
Jesus’ Atonement Was A Penal, Substitutionary Sacrifice
This wonderful truth emphasizes that Jesus died in the place of others, not for Himself. This is represented by the word “vicarious.” He suffered and died the death that sinners who believe in Him should die, but they won’t because He took their place and experienced God’s wrath for them when He died on the cross.
Is. 53:4-6,12 - Surely our griefs He Himself bore, And our sorrows He carried; Yet we ourselves esteemed Him stricken, Smitten of God, and afflicted. But He was pierced through for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, And by His scourging we are healed. All of us like sheep have gone astray, Each of us has turned to his own way; But the Lord has caused the iniquity of us all To fall on Him. Therefore, I will allot Him a portion with the great, And He will divide the booty with the strong; Because He poured out Himself to death, And was numbered with the transgressors; Yet He Himself bore the sin of many, And interceded for the transgressors.
1 Pet. 2:24 - and He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross, so that we might die to sin and live to righteousness; for by His wounds you were healed.
I Pet. 3:18 - For Messiah also died for sins once for all, the just for the unjust, so that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit.
1Cor. 5:21 - He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.
Gal. 3:13 - Messiah redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us for it is written, Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree.